On 03/07/2008, the state of Virginia enacted HB 137/HB 354/SB 356. The new laws eliminated the mandatory surety bond that the Board of Education required regarding contracts with publishers of school textbooks. The bond could not be less than $1,000 and not above $20,000. The required bond was conditioned upon the publisher’s compliance of the terms & conditions of the contract and payment of any liquidated damages that are shown to be a direct result of contract violation.
West Virginia has a new enactment for medical discount providers referred to as HB 4404. The law requires a surety bond equal to or more than $35,000 to be posted by discount medical establishments. The bond attained by the discount medical organizations must be in favor of the Insurance Commissioner for the advantage of individuals that may be damaged by the organization’s breach of the new law; it is mandatory that the insurance company who wrote the bond is licensed in the state.
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Virginia state law revised the current bond amount required for owners that have had their animals confiscated because of cruel treatment or abandonment. The new law is named HB 999, which says that if the locality has not approved an ordinance, the court may order the owner of the animal to post a surety bond if the animal is held for more than 30 days. The bond must be equivalent to the value of boarding the animal for a period of time that many not surpass nine months. The new law provides that the bond will not be renounced if the owner is found to be not guilty of violating the law.
HB 2474 was enacted by the state of Arizona on April 28, 2008 and became effective October 10, 2008. It was created to amend the current mechanic’s lien discharge and discharge bond laws. It is required that bonds for lien releases be in the amount of 150% of the claim under the existing law, and the bonds can be posted by any original contractor, subcontractor or construction lender. This enactment clarified the law so that upon the recording and service of the surety bond discharging the lien, funds withheld with regard to any issued stop notice on the construction project shall be released. The enactment also grants the person filing a stop notice with a lien the permission to post a surety bond (bonded stop notice). The amount of the claim required for a stop-notice bond has been increased from 125% to 150% under the new law.
Additionally, if the construction lender or any original contractor or subcontractor disputes a stop notice or bonded stop notice, the party can post a bond in the amount of 150% of the claim. This has been increased from 125% by this new law. It also states that a bond provided for the lien release may also be used as the bond for the release of stop notice on a project, as well as for the release of any funds withheld in regards to the stop notice.
The state of Virginia has made additions to the existing anti-dog fighting laws HB 656/SB 592; the laws and are being modified so that they are applicable to all animals. The new law explains that if an animal is seized because of its use in fighting matches, the court will have the animal forfeited to the locality. The animal’s owner has the right to contest the forfeiture, but they must post a surety bond with the locality to cover the cost of caring for the animal for a period of nine months. If the animal is kept for multiple nine-month periods an additional bond will be required for each successive period; this will continue until the court reaches a final determination on the criminal charges.
One has to wonder whether Virginia’s decision to expand the law has anything to do with the attention NFL quarterback Michael Vick has brought to dog fighting within the state. Perhaps some good can come of the awful situation created by the fallen football star.